The journey of more than 30 years to find a way to save the country and nearly 30 years leading the Vietnamese people to carry out the struggle for national liberation and national construction has brought Nguyen Ai Quoc – Ho Chi Minh – A prominent international soldier. , a great leader of the Vietnamese people has crossed over three oceans, four continents, reaching nearly 60 countries.
In particular, Soviet Russia – the hometown of the October Revolution, the country of the great Lenin is the place where President Ho Chi Minh has been with the longest time, more than 50 years. Russia has a very great position and influence on the revolutionary activities of President Ho Chi Minh.
June 30, 2013 is the 90th anniversary of President Ho Chi Minh for the first time in Russia – a historic event has created an important turning point in his active life and is also a turning point. the decision for the Vietnamese revolution. After 90 years of looking back, the world has experienced many changes and changes. The Soviet Union of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (CCCP) is only a beautiful memory filled with regret. But for the Vietnamese people, “Soviet Union” is a word that will never be forgotten. Because, dear President Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnamese who first discovered Soviet Russia, studied Russia, educated our people for a lifetime to remember the great merits of Lenin and Cach. October network, respectfully build a close, faithful and pure friendship between the people of the two countries Vietnam – Soviet (Vietnam-Russia today) …
Nguyen Ai Quoc came to Russia on June 30, 1923 and spent more than six years studying and working in the homeland of the October Revolution, the country of the great Lenin, the center of the Communist movement. Real Estate and International Workers, from June 30, 1923 to October 1924; from June 1927 to November 1927 and from June 1934 to October 1938.
In Russia, seeing with his own eyes the economic policies of Lenin are entering the life and working atmosphere, studying enthusiastically to build a new regime of the whole Soviet society, Nguyen Ai Quoc even more reinforce your belief in the chosen path. He wrote many articles in the newspapers and magazines of Communist International, of Russia, propagating about Soviet Russia, Leninism, directing the colonial people’s struggle towards Russia and October Revolution …
Through Nguyen Ai Quoc and his comrades, the Vietnamese revolution was truly attached to the world proletariat, with Lenin and the October Revolution. The Vietnamese revolutionary leaders worked and trained at the headquarters and the major school of the world proletarian revolution, the Communist International. From here on, the lines of the Communist International, the policies and experiences of the Soviet State, and the training of cadres of the Russian Communist Party have directly affected the development of the Vietnamese revolution. It is also the luggage Nguyen Ai Quoc prepared to go back to the homeland, to carry on the great mission that history has chosen and entrusted. The birth of the Vietnamese Communist Party in 1930 and the victories of the August Revolution in 1945 were the first victories of Ho Chi Minh’s thought, the excellent and loyal pupil of Lenin.
It was not long before Vietnam gained independence and waged a nationwide resistance war against the French colonialism in the most unfavorable situation in terms of foreign relations. The country was completely surrounded, communication, international relations, and aid were barely available. President Ho Chi Minh is deeply aware that, for the Vietnamese revolution now, it is necessary to break through the siege and bring Vietnam to the world. And once again, President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the first “democratic state of youthful Asia” Ho Chi Minh immediately thought of Russia – “the stronghold of the new and progressive humanity” ( 1), “strongholds of revolution, strongholds of democracy and world peace” (2). From the Viet Bac war zone, President Ho Chi Minh made three secret trips to Russia: February 1950, October 1952 and April 1954, in order to try to break the enemy siege,
President Ho Chi Minh’s meeting with Comrade Xta-lin (February 1950) is of great significance. This was a favorable opportunity for President Ho Chi Minh to directly present to the Soviet leaders about the situation of the Vietnamese revolution, the policies and ways of the Communist Party of Indochina and the Government of Vietnam. Democracy is underway. The support of the ways and material assistance of the Soviet Union really came to Vietnam after President Ho Chi Minh’s secret visit to China, from January 16 to February 3, 1950 and the Soviet Union. The bucket ranges from February 10 to February 16, 1950. The timely help of the Soviet Union helped the Vietnamese revolution to ease the difficulties and achieve victory in the Border campaign at the end of 1950.
After that, President Ho Chi Minh also secretly went to Russia to attend the XIX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union that took place in October 1952. At that time, the “XIX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the most important thing in history since the end of World War II” (3). The congress continued to implement the path of peace building in the Soviet Union, further improving the living standards of the Soviet people and strengthening the citadel of peace around the world. President Ho Chi Minh highly appreciated the historical significance of the XIX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and affirmed that the Congress documents further illuminate the way of the Vietnamese revolution, in the context of both resistance and prejudice. country.
With ceaseless efforts and skillful diplomacy, President Ho Chi Minh persuaded the leaders of the Party and State of the Soviet Union to understand and support our Party’s resistance war and national construction. Therefore, during the long and arduous resistance period, our people received a deep agreement and great material and spiritual help from the Soviet Union.
In July 1955, President Ho Chi Minh was officially invited to visit the Soviet Union when the resistance war against the French colonialism was won. His visit has achieved great results in many ways. Politically, the Soviet Union completely agreed with Vietnam in its struggle to unify the country and economically. The Soviet Union donated 400 million rubles to Vietnam in 1955-1956 and helped to restore 25 factories. On July 18, 1955, speaking at the airport before leaving Moscow, he told his Soviet comrades in Russian: “We return to the homeland with love and friendship. brothers of the people of the Soviet Union. Although Vietnam and the Soviet Union are thousands of miles apart, our hearts are always together and beating the same beat. “
Then, in the years 1957, from 1959 to 1962, President Ho Chi Minh repeatedly visited and attended the Communist Party congresses of the Soviet Union, attended the October Revolution celebrations, the Party meetings. World Communists and Workers organized in Moscow. He went to visit 15 Soviet republics under CCCP in turn. His visits, speeches, articles, interviews with Lenin, about the October Revolution, about the construction and development of the Soviet Union, strengthened the relationship. between the Party, State, and people of the two countries, Vietnam – Soviet Union, became even more passionate. The experience of the October Revolution, the achievements of the Soviet Union in economic – social, political – cultural … are a good example for Vietnam to study and follow.
As a great leader and leader of the socialist faction, the Soviet Union always assists the brother countries in the struggle for national liberation, as well as in the cause of national construction and development. The Soviet Union has practically supported, helped the Vietnamese people in the struggle to consolidate peace, realize unity, complete democratic independence throughout the country, helping the Vietnamese people with money and technology. attaching war wounds, economic recovery, staff training, cultural development to gradually move the north of our country to socialism, serving as a strong basis for the struggle for national reunification. President Ho Chi Minh affirmed: The friendship of brothers, cooperation and mutual assistance between Vietnam and the Soviet Union was “an important factor for Vietnam to win the revolution” (4) …
Over 50 years with Russia, President Ho Chi Minh experienced and felt the Soviet Union’s sincere feelings and carefree assistance for the Vietnamese revolution. He treasures everything related to the great October Revolution, to VILê-nin, to the Vietnam-Soviet friendship. Until the last days of his life, President Ho Chi Minh still devoted his wholehearted devotion, infinite gratitude to Lenin, the October Revolution and the people of the Soviet Union. The person said: “Vietnam has a proverb:” When drinking water, remember its source. “The more I remember the days of humiliating loss of the country, the more I remember every step of the revolutionary struggle full of sacrifice and hardship, but also full of glorious victories. the working class and the people of Vietnam are more imbued with the great merit of Lenin and the October Revolution “