Not to mention, this is the shortest arterial tree connecting the railways Hanoi – Hai Phong, Hanoi – Lang Son with the national railway passing through Hanoi with the North – South railway.
Currently, goods from the East route to the South route (Hanoi – Ho Chi Minh City) must go around the western ring road (Thang Long bridge). Accordingly, the transportation route from Gia Lam – Yen Vien – Dong Anh – Bac Hong – Thang Long bridge – Ha Dong – Van Dien and to the train station is Giap Bat. This roundabout distance makes the journey of trains have to be extended by 60 km.
Similarly, goods from the southern route also have to go along the western ring railway to get to the border lines. Therefore, if the train goes from Hanoi to Lao Cai, it will be 40 km further away, while going to Hanoi – Lang Son will be 50 km further.
According to VNR’s estimate, the railway routes moving along the western ring route will cost a lot more, but there is no other way because in Hanoi, besides Long Bien bridge, only Thang Long bridge is the main bridge. railway crossing the Red River.
Therefore, it is necessary to build a new railway bridge across the Red River, to connect the eastern and northern national railway lines with the southern ones, shortening the distance and not having to go through the radial railway in Ha Noi. Interior.
It is known that it is not now when the Long Bien bridge is degraded, that the railway industry poses the problem of needing to build a new bridge across the Red River to meet transportation needs. According to previous plans, when Hanoi completes the construction of many new road bridges across the Red River, road transport across the Long Bien bridge will no longer be organized.
Although it was proposed to make a railway crossing the Red River many years ago, at that time there were many controversial issues related to the location of the bridge that had not been agreed. After that, the City People’s Committee. Hanoi has submitted to the Government a plan to locate the railway bridge across the Red River of the urban railway line No. 1 Yen Vien – Ngoc Hoi, 75m upstream from Long Bien bridge.
Also according to the draft railway network plan for the period 2021 – 2030, with a vision to 2050, which is being submitted to the Ministry of Transport, when the Long Bien bridge is not used to connect the national railway, it will build the East Ha ring railway line. The interior is in the direction of Ngoc Hoi – Lac Dao – Yen Vien – Bac Hong, including the section from Ngoc Hoi (Southern route) to Lac Dao (Eastern route).
The connection between these two stations will be a railway bridge near the location of Thanh Tri bridge. When completing the Eastern Ring Road, it will replace the entire section of the existing Long Bien Bridge.
The draft planning is proposing to prioritize allocating capital to invest in the construction of this Eastern Ring Road in the period of 2021 – 2030, with a capital need of about VND 8,100 billion. After the network planning and this proposal is approved, it is time to make detailed planning to determine in detail the location of the new railway bridge and make an investment project./.