Phu Loi Prison Relic Currently located on Mot Thang 12 Street, Phu Loi Ward, Thu Dau Mot Town. The total area is now 77.082m 2 , has been state accredited and historical ratings Country Date 10.07.1980.
Phu Loi prison was one of the major prisons of America – Diem in the South was set up in 1957 to imprison and torture revolutionary soldiers and patriots at that time, and lasted for eight years ( 1957-1964). But with an indomitable spirit, Phu Loi prisoners united to fight for victory.
Dubbed “Hell on earth”
With the scheme to invade the South, by deceiving the people and terrorizing the campaign of “prosecuting plus” and “destroying communism” within only 2-3 years after the Geneva Agreement, My Diem caused countless crime all over the South. With the slogan “it is better to catch wrong than to miss”, they have built more prisons.
From mid-1957, Phu Loi prison was built right next to the military base with a total area of about 12 hectares. The number of prisoners they brought to Phu Loi first had 4 women and about 100 men. By the end of 1957, it had increased to 3,000 prisoners. They divided the prison into several areas: the administrative area, the soldier’s family area, the An Tri Vien area – called the “An Tri Vien” area, but it was actually a prison. The prison area consists of 3 camps: Chi Lang, Bach Dang, and Dong Da. All 3 camps have 9 cells marked A, B, C, D, … each camp is separated by a dense barbed-wire wall. Surrounding 3 camps are 2 high walls, with several layers of barbed wire, electric lighting system at night, completely separated from the outside. In the middle of the prison, there is a high dome to observe the entire camp. Around there are 4 entrances and 4 blocks of strict guard. There are two main ports:
By the end of 1958, the number of prisoners reached nearly 6,000 people, of which 1,000 were female prisoners. Brothers and sisters from all over the country unfortunately fell into the hands of the enemy and were gathered here.
Do not ask anyone’s name and who is lostSix thousand people have only one common nameOnly one name: unified peaceNames of unfaithful people
(Hoang Trung Thong)
The harsh regime of Phu Loi prison was not different from many other prisons at that time, eating rotten rice with rotten fish, salt, fish sauce with maggots … Living in a dirty manner, lacking water, lying in cells, tiger cages, tuberculosis. untreated illness torture… and brutal beatings investigations… and they impose very harsh “24 prohibitions” as an excuse to beat prisoners. And the famous evil “hell” names such as Nguyen Van Bong, Tran Vinh Dac, Ho Van Tan, …
The birth of the Party organizations
In the face of tricks that both persecute and deceive people, scenes of brutal torture that exiled the torment, brothers and sisters in prison still retain their steadfast determination and will to fight. It is thanks to the leadership of the Party and the self-discipline to cultivate and cultivate revolutionary moral qualities of patriots and communists.
Through practical experience in the movement of secret activities, within a short time, the Party members in the camps organized a communication line with each other, the groups of Party members in the secret sub-branches were one by one. create. In early 1958, the Party Committee of the Phu Loi Center was established, including a number of comrades: Vu Duy Hanh (former secretary of the provincial Party Committee of TDM), Nguyen Van Trung, … and the branches with comrades: Nguyen Thanh Integrity, Thorough. During my years here, the prisoners had a secret organization that our Party directed. The Representative Committee, To Tam Giao, or the compatriots in each prison were the core of the fight, step by step fighting with the enemy to improve their lives, fight the oppression and torture prisoners. All thanks to the integrity of members of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
The brutal poisoning of America – Diem
An event took place in the last days of November and early December 1958. The Phu Loi Massacre: Every year My Diem regularly organizes 4 exiles of “type A” prisoners from inland prisons to Con Island in the months 3,6,9,12 of the solar calendar. Phu Loi prison, after being classified with 450 class A prisoners – was the subject of exile to Con Dao at the end of November 1958, with the intention of secretly killing prisoners on this trip.
It was planned that each exiled prisoner would receive a ration of bread (mixed with poison) and accompanying food. Everything was prepared for completion on November 28, 1958, but in successive days, the ship could not reach Vung Tau – Con Dao waters. Not giving up falsehoods, My Dien plotted to harm the Phu Loi prisoner in another context. It was November 30, 1958, and on Sunday, the prison still performed the inmates’ “fresh food” including bread and other food. To get enough rations out of the old bread (with poison) they mixed together new bread and distributed it to the prisoners. The number of poisoned prisoners increased rapidly, abdominal pain, vomiting, cramps, … By December 1, 1995, the number of poisoned prisoners increased to hundreds, many died, the number of people lying in a coma, … the sisters of the prisoners with serious illness were carried out of the camp by the enemy,
Unite heroically, stand up to fight for victory
With the spirit of indomitable resilience, the Party Committee of the prison decided to fight publicly directly, the Phu Loi prisoners united and heroically fought such as: tossing the roof of the prison, broadcasting loudspeakers calling for help on the tragic day 01.12.1958. As fast as lightning, news of the enemy’s poisoning of prisoners was spread everywhere. First, the people of Phu Hoa, Binh Chuan, Hiep Thanh, Phu Van, .. revolted, coordinated with prisoners in Phu Loi to fight and denounce the crimes of My Diem.
To run the US crime – Diem sought to disgrace witnesses, causing a wave of anger at home and abroad. After only 1 month of the poisoning incident, we received a series of telegrams from international organizations: the World Union, the World Student Union, the World Lawyers Association, … Turning pain into action. , all over the country arose a movement towards Phu Loi, from a call of hatred, a call of pain … ” Competition week ” for Phu Loi and the South! of the Central Committee for the Fight against Poisoning was born; arousing an emulation movement on factories, farms, cooperatives, sports fields, mass media and artistic creation … That indignation was deeply expressed by poet To Huu in his essay. The poem “Forever and forever does not dissolve”, 1959:
“… In one day – the first of DecemberWho would not have expected half of tomorrow!We died, in the brutal long nightBroken intestines, liver, poisonous rice ballPurple bones due to the vile fangsPink heart dead, bloody black bruises … “
In the new conditions of the war, by 1964, Phu Loi prison no longer existed. From then on, the prison system was transformed into a US-Wei military sub-zone until the liberation of the South on April 30, 1975.
Historical significance and value
Here, in the harsh imprisonment of the prison, the Communist Party branch of Vietnam was established to lead prisoners, step by step fighting with the enemy. Phu Loi prison became a proof of crime by the US – Wei in South Vietnam; This place is a symbol of the courage of the Party members, revolutionary comrades and patriotic compatriots who fell in the prison for independence, freedom, peace, and happiness for the homeland.
With great historical value and important political significance of the Phu Loi prison relic. In 1995, the relic was invested by the Provincial Party Committee, People’s Council, and Provincial People’s Committee to invest in the compilation of history and restoration and embellishment of the relic on the occasion of the 37th anniversary of solidarity, indomitable struggle against the case. poisoning prisoners in Phu Loi. A bronze statue of 3.5m high by the late sculptor Diep Minh Chau, expressing the grief on the day of the poisoning incident, re-enacting history highlighting the indomitable fighting spirit of prisoner Phu Loi in the past.
Every year, the monument has welcomed many domestic and foreign tourists to visit and learn about the history of Vietnamese people’s revolutionary struggles. Phu Loi relic has become a revolutionary traditional education place for today’s and future generations. Movement organizations of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union exchanged and admitted new members, Scouts … to visit, camp and review the heroic revolutionary tradition of his father.