Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Phung Duc Tien has just had an interview with the press about solutions to promote the development of the fisheries industry in the coming time.
Reporter (PV): The deputy minister said the difficulties that the fisheries industry is facing and the direction to solve in 2021?
Deputy Minister Phung Duc Tien: In 2020, we have achieved 8.45 million tons of fishing and aquaculture production, of which fishing is 3.85 million tons, the rest is farming. Besides, the export value reached 8.5 billion USD.
2020 is a year of many difficulties, in addition to the impact of COVID-19, the fisheries industry is also affected by floods, storms, storms, saltwater intrusion, climate change, floods, storms, and storms that directly affect Next to fishery production, however, the targets set out have been achieved.
Entering 2021, we have had Decision 339 of the Prime Minister approving the strategy of fisheries development to 2030, with a vision to 2045. The goal by 2030 is to reach an output of 9.8 million tons, of which fishing exploitation reached 2.8 million tons, aquaculture 7 million tons, seafood export reached 14-16 billion USD.
This goal is facing difficulties: Firstly, in terms of mining, Vietnam has been yellow carded by the EU since October 23, 2017 until now, it has been almost 4 years. Also during this time, 21 countries had their yellow cards withdrawn, 14 countries were removed, the remaining 7 countries, including Vietnam. There are 6 countries with red cards, of which 3 countries can remove the card and 3 countries remain.
These are difficulties and challenges of Vietnam because the yellow card affects credit, administrative procedures, control of seafood entering the EU and other markets.
Over the past several years, the organization of marine fishing in the direction of the movement increased to 110 thousand ships, after restructuring, down to 96 thousand ships, and now exactly 94,572 ships. The mining power is too large compared to Vietnam’s reserves. In the near future, the implementation of the 2017 Fisheries Law will continue to review and assign quotas, reducing both capacity and quantity, especially in the inland and coastal areas.
The second is about fisheries infrastructure, for many years with a single commodity in one year export turnover of nearly 9 billion USD, exploiting up to nearly 3.9 million tons but not properly invested and satisfied. worth. As a result, the infrastructure of fishing ports, storm shelters, fishing wharfs, and fisheries logistics has been seriously degraded. This is a very difficult task for fleet management, do not let ships violate. Besides, we must be able to trace the origin, but if we want to trace the origin, when the fishing vessel returns to the port, it must be classified to reduce post-harvest losses. Currently, our post-mining loss is from 15 to 35%. If there is no traceability, no fleet management, no good law enforcement, it will be very difficult to remove the yellow card.
Regarding the application of science and technology to the preservation of exploited seafood, there are still many weaknesses. The vessel is small, the compartment is also small, but only preserved with ice, leading to large post-harvest losses, poor quality and difficult access.
In terms of human resources, a very large percentage of fishermen are “hereditary” with little training, while the Fisheries Law 2017 stipulates the criteria and standards of the chief engineer. , the captain, however, we only trained in a short time.
Along with that, the Fisheries Law 2017 targets the responsible fisheries sector, but the implementation time of the Law is still limited. Although the propaganda information is positive, the awareness and understanding of law observance is still limited.
As for in-field aquaculture, it is still small in Vietnam. In the Mekong Delta, the industrial farming model is still limited and the proportion is very small, the infrastructure is weak, it is difficult to ensure disease safety, biosecurity, etc.
Thus, we see that the exploitation, farming and processing of marine aquaculture must be implemented synchronously, besides, it is necessary to do well in conservation. If we do not guarantee the conservation part, we will not be able to guarantee the exploitation, bringing added value. Along with that, it must be associated with processing to achieve the set goals.
Reporter: As the Deputy Minister just mentioned the limitations of the infrastructure of the fisheries, so to overcome this situation, the problem of resources as well as the Ministry has planned how to prepare, Mr. Deputy Minister?
Deputy Minister Phung Duc Tien: Last term, the Ministry had a resolution of the Party Committee on improving public investment in fisheries infrastructure in the period of 2021-2025. In this regard, the Ministry is submitting to the Ministry of Planning and Investment. to submit to the 15th National Assembly, and at the same time propose to the Government loan projects for aquaculture infrastructure.
Particularly for the implementation of the plan of the shrimp industry, there is Decision No. 79 of the Prime Minister, currently, it is in discussion with the Ministry of Planning and Investment to borrow capital from ADB. Thus, if the capital sources are implemented, Vietnam’s fisheries infrastructure will have a step change.
Reporter: Can the Deputy Minister tell us more about solutions to develop the shrimp and pangasius industry in the Mekong Delta?
Deputy Minister Phung Duc Tien: The Mekong Delta is an area favored by nature, especially pangasius, which in just over 10 years has become a commodity with a relatively large proportion. In 2018, the output reached 1.72 million tons, the export reached 2.26 billion USD. In the strategy we do not increase the area but increase the output by applying technological advances to increase productivity.
Regarding pangasius, the Ministry and provinces have built a 3-level pangasius system, assigned to the Fisheries Institute 2 to study 2 lines: growth and disease resistance. These two lines have been promoted in production. Although the topic has not been completed, the results can be applied to the demand of 4.5 billion seeds in the Mekong Delta.
For shrimp, with an area of 740 thousand hectares, with an output of 940 thousand tons, shrimp has formed a seed system. However, with shrimp varieties, research institutes and enterprises have not had a long time to invest. Therefore, the demand for 130 billion shrimp powder is still being implemented step by step.
Basically, we still have to import our parents from abroad. And there is a business to research shrimp broodstock. Here, with the national product program on science and technology, the Ministry will work with businesses to implement more drastically this issue. The results of seed production in Vietnam will create better conditions, economic and technical criteria and limit the annual importation of more than 200,000 brood pairs in other countries.
Reporter: Since the beginning of the year, seafood exports have been very positive, so from now until the end of the year, according to the Deputy Minister, what solutions should businesses implement to achieve export goals?
Deputy Minister Phung Duc Tien: During the impact of COVID-19, the production chain was broken, the countries that competed with Vietnam for seafood were also facing many difficulties while we achieved good results in disease prevention and control. . This is an opportunity for Vietnam to organize production to export to major markets.
When the world’s food and food production chains are broken, and while we have achieved many results in the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic, this is a factor for us to promote and speed up production and prepare for the upcoming market recovery.
Reporter: Thank you very much, Deputy Minister!