Vinh Hung Ancient Tower is located at Trung Hung 1B hamlet, Vinh Hung A commune, Vinh Loi district, Bac Lieu province about 20 km away from the city center. Follow National Highway 1A, 5km from Bac Lieu, Ca Mau direction, to Sap bridge, turn along the way to Vinh Hung market to reach Vinh Hung tower. This is not only a tower architecture of the Oc-Eo culture only remaining in the Southwest, but during the excavations at Vinh Hung Tower, archaeologists also obtained many very valuable artifacts. with many stone statues, bronze, pottery, gemstones … marked a period of existence and quite long development (from the fourth century to the thirteenth century AD) of the ancient tower of Vinh Hung.
Vinh Hung tower has undergone many surveys, in 1911 the French scholar Lunet de Lajonquiere discovered it under the name of Tra Long Tower. In 1917 Henri Parmentier visited this area and reported it in the journal of the Ancient Far East School (No. XVII, volume 6, 1917 pp. 48-49). In this report (under the name Luc Hien tower), he listed some artifacts discovered inside and outside the tower. In particular, among them is a stele found in Phuoc Buu Tu temple next to the Sanskrit inscription tower, specifying the month of Karhila, year 814, corresponding to the year 892 AD, and the name of King Yacovan-Man (so ninth century). Archaeologists have identified the tower was built around the 9th century AD to worship a king named Khmer Yacovar – Man.
In May 1990, archaeologists at the City Institute of Social Sciences. Ho Chi Minh City (now the Southern Institute for Sustainable Development) in collaboration with the Minh Hai Provincial Museum, surveyed and dug an exploration pit, discovered some artifacts such as the head of an idol, civilization, a grinding table, Linga – Yoni …
Continuing the journey to clarify the value of a national-level monument as well as to serve the restoration, embellishment and degradation of the relic of Vinh Hung tower, in 2002 and then in 2011, The Archaeological Research Center collaborated with the Bac Lieu Provincial Museum to dig around the tower. These excavations continue such things as revealing the base of the tower, solving the submerged remains in the ground to have solutions to restore and embellish the tower to promote the value of the monument. Many valuable artifacts have been discovered in the surveys such as: the goddess statue carved in the traditional style of the round statue of Oc Eo Phu Nam, the right hand of the “Statue of God”, some Linga – Yoni, Pottery used in daily life and especially bronze statues are evaluated by archaeologists as a unique collection of statues, a “national treasure”, in which there are some unique statues of very high value.
In 2011, Vinh Hung tower relic was restored and embellished, including the following items: gallery, stele house, guard house, fences and some other items to preserve and promote the value of the monument.
From a distance, the tower looks like a cylindrical tower standing in the middle of the forest, with an ancient look – partly covered by moss, the remaining places of bricks are dotted into the inside of the Tower for a long time. effects of rain and sun. Bac Lieu province had to go to the East to find soil to bring back and burn into bricks to restore a part of the front that was damaged.
The ancient tower has a rather simple and rustic architecture on an area of about 100m, the mouth of the Tower facing the West, the base of the Tower is rectangular with two sides of 5.6m and 6.9m. The height of the Tower is 8.2m (from the base of the Tower). All 03 faces East – South – North are built of bricks. The wall of the foot of the Tower is 1.8m thick, the thinner the thickness of the wall is, the wall is sloping up to the top to form a rolling arch.
Through many changes in history, what makes an ancient tower dating back thousands of years old? According to many scientists, the ancient Khmer used a special construction technique, they used a vegetable glue to stick bricks together, without the use of building materials such as cement, or mortar like now. The tower was built with two types of bricks of different colors. From the base of the tower to a height of 4m, there will be red bricks and from 4m upwards, white bricks are used. Looking at from the main door is the Linga – Yoni set representing the reconstructed yin and yang harmony. The original Linga – Yoni set is being preserved in the museum.
From its unique recorded values, Vinh Hung Ancient Tower has been recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information (now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) as a national level architectural monument since 1992.
If you have the opportunity to travel to Bac Lieu, remember to take the time to visit Vinh Hung ancient tower to better understand an ancient civilization. The scenery here is very attractive to visitors, in addition to the tower architecture, visitors can breathe the fresh air with the scent of flowers in the field, keep an eye on the vast fertile field of a land. sweeten.