Talking to us, Comrade Sung Dai Hung, Director of Ha Giang Department of Labor – Invalids and Social Affairs said: In order to do well and effectively implement poverty reduction, over the years Ha Giang has focused on promoting mobilize all resources to implement the sustainable poverty reduction program according to the annual and periodical roadmap. Prioritizing resources for poor districts and communes with special difficulties, linking sustainable poverty reduction with new rural construction.
In addition to resources from the budget, the mobilization of resources and support from international organizations, increased contact and advocacy, and created a favorable mechanism for international organizations to invest in the areas of poverty reduction. sustainable poverty, creating jobs, especially supporting the construction of infrastructure and basic social services…with the “key” being well implemented the propaganda and dissemination of policies and laws on the program. poverty reduction program.
Accordingly, through propaganda work, specialized local units have disseminated and thoroughly grasped the views, guidelines and policies of the Party, the State’s policies and laws on poverty reduction, and organized the implementation of policies and laws on poverty reduction. extensively and synchronously from all levels of Party committees, authorities, mass organizations to all classes of people; With a rich propaganda implementation, good examples, experiences, and successful poverty reduction models of localities, communities and the poor have created encouraging and pervasive effects. In particular, radio programs on poverty reduction policies of the Party and State at highland fairs in Mandarin as well as ethnic minority languages have attracted a lot of attention from the people. Propaganda has contributed to changing and transforming perceptions in poverty reduction, arousing the will of the poor to take initiative and rise up, to receive and effectively use state policies and support resources, community to escape poverty sustainably.
It is known that the total state budget capital and mobilized resources to implement the National Target Program on poverty reduction for the period 2016-2020 in Ha Giang is 8,225,928 million VND. From the above capital sources, Ha Giang has focused on supporting production development, diversifying livelihoods and replicating the poverty reduction model in extremely difficult communes, border communes, and extremely difficult villages. .
The locality has supported production development with VND 178,969 million, supported over 258,000 households, mainly with supporting contents such as: plant varieties, livestock breeds, supplies and materials of all kinds, building development models. develop agricultural, forestry and livestock production, organize training courses to transfer scientific and technical advances, models of production and livestock development… Through implementation and implementation, changes have been made in awareness and production practices of the people in the direction of changing the structure of plants and animals; create conditions for poor households to have the opportunity to access and apply science and technology to production, gradually changing outdated production practices; providing production tools, materials and new varieties, contributing to increase productivity, increase income, and contribute to sustainable poverty reduction in ethnic minority and mountainous areas. At the same time, the locality has actively replicated the model of poverty reduction combining vocational training, creating jobs, developing into vibrant poverty reduction movements across the province…
From the above efforts, in the period 2016-2020, the goals and targets on poverty reduction have all met and exceeded the resolution of Ha Giang province set out. Up to now, 8/64 poor districts of Ha Giang have escaped from extremely difficult situation and 14/30 poor districts have benefited from the Government’s Resolution 30a mechanism to get out of difficult situation; 32 districts out of poverty…
The rate of poor households has decreased from 43.65% (2016) so far to 22.29%, down 21.36% compared to the beginning of 2016 (the average poverty rate per year decreased by 4.27%). In which, in 6 poor districts, the rate of poor households decreased from 64.03% to 33.51%, down 30.52% compared to the beginning of 2016 (the average rate of poor households decreased by 6.1% per year). The living standards of poor households are increasingly improved, have fuller access to basic social security services, and achieve the goal of sustainable poverty reduction.
Sharing his experience in poverty reduction in the past period, Mr. Sung Dai Hung said: We have always determined that poverty reduction is a long-term career associated with socio-economic development. it is necessary to be persistent to realize the goals set out in both policy making and implementation organization, avoiding subjectivity and haste, achievement disease; Party committees and authorities at all levels must fully grasp their responsibilities and leadership roles; must mobilize the participation of the whole political system and the whole society to be successful. The role of the people, especially the poor themselves, is a decisive factor in the sustainability of the poverty reduction program; Therefore, we focus on methods to arouse the self-reliance of the poor themselves, combined with the support policies of the State and the social community to realize the goal of poverty reduction.
In addition, poverty reduction policies must be regularly reviewed, evaluated and systematically organized for the poor and ethnic minorities to access more conveniently and effectively; The policies that have been implemented and found to be unreasonable must be urgently revised and replaced. Poverty reduction policies should be suitable for each target group and each locality; focused investment, focus, not spread, have general poverty reduction policies, have specific poverty reduction policies for each difficult region, poor ethnic minority groups, poor people subject to social protection ; promote socialization of poverty reduction, regularly organize various forms of communication on poverty reduction, suitable for the Party and State’s poverty reduction guidelines and policies to reach the poor; timely detect, propagate and disseminate effective poverty reduction models and examples for replication; criticize negative phenomena, do not want to escape poverty; propagandize to raise awareness of responsibility for poverty reduction, create a high consensus in society to achieve the goal of sustainable poverty reduction.
“In 2021, because the Government is still implementing the poverty line applied for the 2016-2020 period, it is expected that in 2022, the new poverty line will be applied by the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs and submitted to the Government for application for the next period. 2022-2025 (1,500,000 VND/person/month in rural areas and 2,000,000 VND/person/month in urban areas), an increase of 2.1 times compared to the poverty line in the 2016-2020 period. It is expected that in early 2022, the poverty rate of Ha Giang province will account for over 38%. Therefore, in this period, the locality will continue to implement the goal of sustainable poverty reduction in a multi-dimensional approach (continue to maintain an average poverty reduction of 4%/year or more, of which poor districts, poor communes decrease by 6%/year or more); minimize the situation of falling back into poverty. Households escaping poverty, in addition to achieving the income standard prescribed by the Government, must have full access to basic social services” – Comrade Sung Dai Hung shared about the local poverty reduction in the period. next paragraph../